This is a letter from a Mr Jenkinson from Paris, dated 15 July Look at Source 7. He consolidated old units and split up Austria's holdings. Faced with opposition from the parlements, Calonne organised the summoning of the Assembly of Notables.
The Bastille and the Great Fear On June 12, as the National Assembly known as the National Constituent Assembly during its work on a constitution continued to meet at Versailles, fear and violence consumed the capital. What evidence is there that the population of Paris were worried.
It put an end to the French monarchy, feudalism, and took political power from the Catholic church. There were enemies as well, as the royal courts in Vienna and Berlin denounced the overthrow of the king and the threatened spread of notions of liberty, equality, and fraternity.
This was a signal that the Bourbon monarchy was in a weakened state and subject to the demands of its people. Rising social and economic inequality,   new political ideas emerging from the Enlightenment economic mismanagement, environmental factors leading to agricultural failure, unmanageable national debt,  and political mismanagement on the part of King Louis XVI have all been cited as laying the groundwork for the Revolution.
Feuds quickly broke out over this disparity and would prove to be irreconcilable.
Shortly thereafter, the assembly released the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which established a proper judicial code and the autonomy of the French people.
The nobility refused, even after Calonne pleaded with them during the Assembly of Notables in The discovery of new gold mines in Brazil had led to a general rise in prices throughout the West from aboutindicating a prosperous economic situation.
It brought new ideas to Europe including liberty and freedom for the commoner as well as the abolishment of slavery and the rights of women. Despite the creation of the Committee of Public Safety, the war with Austria and Prussia went poorly for France, and foreign forces pressed on into French territory.
Rifts in the Assembly Though the National Assembly did succeed in drafting a constitution, the relative peace of the moment was short-lived.
The commoners appealed to the clergy, who asked for more time. The following month, amid a wave of violence in which Parisian insurrectionists massacred hundreds of accused counterrevolutionaries, the Legislative Assembly was replaced by the National Convention, which proclaimed the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of the French republic.
The fear was that they brought with them a plot to disrupt the political order, which did lead to increased regulation and documentation of the influx of immigrants in neighboring countries. Serious revolution, leading to real danger for Britain A Paris-based revolt that the King was forced to agree to Minor disturbances, of no real consequence at all Explain the reasons for your decisions.
They proceeded to do so two days later, completing the process on 17 June. The French legal system, however, was adopted, with its equal legal rights, and abolition of class distinctions. A revolution seemed necessary to apply the ideas of MontesquieuVoltaireor Rousseau.
France promoted commerce and capitalism, paving the way for the ascent of the bourgeoisie and the rapid growth of manufacturing and mining. When the French army successfully removed foreign invaders and the economy finally stabilized, however, Robespierre no longer had any justification for his extreme actions, and he himself was arrested in July and executed.
The lands were controlled by bishops and abbots of monasteries, but two-thirds of the delegates from the First Estate were ordinary parish priests; only 51 were bishops. Furthermore, from abouthigher standards of living had reduced the mortality rate among adults considerably. This resulted in the Swiss regaining control of Lucerne, however due to the sheer greatness in size of the French army, Von Reding's movement was eventually suppressed.
In response, the King announced the calling of the Estates-General for Maythe first time the body had been summoned since A larger population created a greater demand for food and consumer goods. If the Estates-General could agree on a tax solution, it would be implemented.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Virtually every major player in the Revolution was a Freemason and these themes became the widely recognised slogan of the revolution.
Ultimately, this instability, frequent coups within the government and the eventual Bourla-papey forced Napoleon to sign the Act of Medallion which led to the fall of the Helvetic Republic and the restoration of the Confederacy. From the social point of view, the Revolution consisted in the suppression of what was called the feudal system, in the emancipation of the individual, in greater division of landed property, the abolition of the privileges of noble birth, the establishment of equality, the simplification of life Half were well educated lawyers or local officials.
At first it brought liberal and democratic ideas, the end of guilds, of serfdom and of the Jewish ghetto. Although scholarly debate continues about the exact causes of the Revolution, the following reasons are commonly adduced: What was wrong with the official police force?.
The French Revolution lasted 10 years from to It began on July 14, when revolutionaries stormed a prison called the Bastille. The revolution came to an end when a general named Napoleon overthrew the revolutionary government and established the French Consulate (with Napoleon as leader).
Otto Dann and John Dinwiddy report, "It has long been almost a truism of European history that the French Revolution gave a great stimulus to the growth of modern nationalism."  Nationalism was emphasized by historian Carlton J.H. Hayes as a major result of the French Revolution across Europe.
Nov 09, · Watch video · The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in and ended in the late s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte.
French Revolution, also called Revolution ofthe revolutionary movement that shook France between and and reached its first climax there in Hence the conventional term “Revolution of ,” denoting the end of the ancien régime in France and serving also to distinguish that event from the later French revolutions of and French Revolution, also called Revolution ofthe revolutionary movement that shook France between and and reached its first climax there in Hence the conventional term “Revolution of ,” denoting the end of the ancien régime in France and serving also to distinguish that event from the later French revolutions of .A report on the french revolution